The cardiac or heart valve surgery is done for the cardiac or heart disease. In the Valve diseases, the four valves which is present in the heart which keeps the blood to flow in right direction will function abnormally. The main goal of the surgeon is to repair or replace the affected valves of the heart.
The cardiac valve diseases that can be treated with surgical procedure is,
- Aortic Valve Diseases:
This valve is present between the left ventricle and the aorta which impedes to function normally in this condition. It is present by birth itself or may be from other causes. The two major forms are,
- Aortic Valve Stenosis:
The aperture of the aortic valve is lessened and due to this the valves cannot undo fully and blocks out the blood from the heart into the aorta and to the rest of the system.
- Aortic Valve Regurgitation:
The blood gets flowed back to the left ventricle as the valve does not undo completely.
- Mitral Valve Diseases:
This valve is present between the left atrium and the left ventricle which does not task properly and the two major forms is,
- Mitral Valve Regurgitation:
The flaps will not close firmly and the blood leaks towards the left atrium of the heart and if left untreated the heart muscle will be damaged.
- Mitral Valve Stenosis:
The flaps of the mitral valve will become more rigid and starts to merge together. Therefore, the valve opening becomes narrowed and blood supply becomes less to the left atrium and the left ventricle.
Pulmonary Valve stenosis:
It is anarchy of the pulmonary valve which is found in the heart and is accountable for the blood flow from the heart to the lungs.
- Pulmonary Regurgitation:
The blood starts to flow toward the back as the pulmonary valve becomes leaky.
- Pulmonary Stenosis:
The valve becomes tapered and the blood flow is abridged.
Tricuspid Valve Disease:
The valve stops to function normally and often associated with problems of other valves.
- Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation:
The valve will not close firmly and hence the blood flows back towards the upper side of the right atrium.
- Tricuspid Valve Stenosis:
The blood supply becomes reduced to the right atrium to the right ventricle as the valve becomes pointed.
- Tricuspid Atresia:
It is a defect by birth, the thick wall of the tissues obstructs the flow of blood between the right chambers of the heart.
- Ebsteins Anomally:
The tricuspid valve is imprecise which is placed less than the normal position in the right ventricle causing blood to flow back to the right atrium.
The cardiac valve surgery is constructive in the following ways,
- The quality of life is enhanced
- The life span is increased
- The cardiac disease indication is reduced to maximum
- The functioning of the heart muscle is well protected