It is a method that is performed to cure Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). In CAD, the blood vessels which carry out the nutrients and oxygen necessary for the proper functioning of the heart are blocked and narrowed. The fatty deposits are formed at the walls of the arteries which obstruct the blood flow were the oxygen rich blood is present.
The way of treating this kind of condition is the blocked blood vessel is bypassed with another one. The vein that is taken from the leg or the chest is used as the graft or attach for the surgery. The top part of the graft is joined over the narrowed vein and the other below the damaged one, therefore the run is entirely re-routed and the blood moves by the new grafted vessel to the heart muscle. It has many benefits over the traditional ‘Open heart surgery’. The ‘Off – Pump’ technique where the heart is kept working was commenced in the year 1990. Several least invasive procedures such as Key hole surgery and Robot aided surgery is being used widely.
When CABG is needed?
If the person has the subsequent signs he/she obliges for Bypass surgery,
Pain in the chest
- Increased heart rate
- Irregular heart rhythms
- Breathing problems
There may be no symptoms at the early stage of cardiac disease but if there is a shortage of blood supply to the heart muscles due to high pressure and obstruction of the coronary artery, heart attack occurs. If the tissues injured are not re-activated with the blood supply then the tissues will die.
The CABG will not completely cure Coronary Heart Disease as it provides provisional solution. Even after the maneuver, you have to follow strict life style changes. You will be prescribed with medicines which help to decrease the cholesterol level and also blocks the clotting of blood and aids the heart to function properly.
Merits of CABG:
- One of the ideal treatments for the blockage of the blood to the cardiac muscle.
- Enhances the blood supply and oxygen to the heart.
- Respites from Angina
- The chance of Myocardial Infarction is reduced
- Person’s routine activity is retained